There are many international resources freely available which have often been developed with government or project funding and might be worth exploring. Some are designed for professional teacher development – demonstrating classroom approaches – whereas others are designed for volunteers working on a one-to-one basis with refugees, for example:
Teaching ESL to Adults videos (USA) Building Literacy with Adult Emergent Readers (Part 1 of 2) – YouTube and Building Literacy with Adult Emergent Readers (Part 2 of 2) – YouTube
These two videos come from “Teaching ESL to Adults: Classroom Approaches in Action” created by New American Horizons Foundation (2010) and feature a teacher explaining and demonstrating what she does in class, and the importance of context.
Making It Real: Teaching Pre-literate Adult Refugee Students (USA) Preliterate Book.p65 (tacomacommunityhouse.org) (2005)
This is a guide for teachers working with newly arrived refugees. It provides useful information and outlines some effective practices for teaching pre-literate adult refugees. It describes techniques and learning activities and is divided into sections on teaching speaking and listening skills and reading and writing skills.
Literacy Minnesota (USA) Classroom Videos | Literacy Minnesota (literacymn.org) There are four videos demonstrating various techniques including phonics. Literacy Minnesota have many resources on their website including a video on Letter/Sound Drill which demonstrates how to reinforce letter and sound correspondence in the broader context of a vocabulary lesson to help learners develop the phonemic awareness that they need in order to sound out words. PDF | Full Video | Short Video
Teaching and learning resources
Rachel’s padlet (UK) ESOL – Learners New To ESOL Resources (padlet.com) These resources were developed 2019-2021 to support teachers and those working with ESOL literacies learners in the UK. There is a pack specifically for newly-arrive refugees with little or no English.
Bow Valley College (Canada) ESL Literacy Readers | School of Global Access (bowvalleycollege.ca) This is a wonderful collection of forty theme-based readers, with an instructor’s guide. It aims to support teachers in creating comprehensive, theme-based lessons for adult ESL literacy learners.